Stress and How to Handle Stress

What are the most common causes of stress?

Common Causes of Stress

So what is Stress?

Stress is a term that is commonly used today but has become increasingly difficult to define. One person's stress is another person's pleasure, but generally speaking, stress can be describes as a negative concept that can have an impact on one’s mental and physical well-being.

Stress is what you feel when you have to handle more than you're used to - a feeling you get when faced with a challenge. Some stress is normal and even useful. In small doses, stress can be good for you because it makes you more alert and gives you a burst of energy. When you are stressed, your body responds as though you are in danger. Stress can help if you need to work hard or react quickly. For example, it can help you win a race or finish an important job on time. It makes hormones that speed up your heart, make you breathe faster, and give you a burst of energy. This is called the fight-or-flight stress response.

But feeling stressed for a long time (chronic stress) can take a toll on your mental and physical health. Even though it may seem hard to find ways to de-stress with all the things you have to do, it's important to find those ways. Your health depends on it, and CortiSlim can help.

Stress happens when people feel like they don’t have the tools to manage all of the demands in their lives. We can suffer from short-term stress or long-term stress. Missing the bus or arguing with your spouse or partner can cause short-term stress. Money problems or trouble at work can cause long-term stress. Even happy events, like having a baby or getting married can cause stress. Some of the most common stressful life events include:

• Death of a spouse
• Death of a close family member
• Divorce
• Losing your job
• Major personal illness or injury
• Marital separation
• Marriage
• Pregnancy
• Retirement
• Spending time in jail


What are some common signs of stress?

Everyone responds to stress a little differently. Your symptoms may be different from someone else’s. Here are some of the signs to look for:

• Not eating or eating too much
• Feeling like you have no control
• Needing to have too much control
• Forgetfulness
• Headaches
• Lack of energy
• Lack of focus
• Trouble getting things done
• Poor self-esteem
• Short temper
• Trouble sleeping
• Upset stomach
• Back pain
• General aches and pains

These symptoms may also be signs of depression or anxiety, which can be caused by long-term stress.


For woman - Do women react to stress differently than men?

One recent survey that women are more likely to experience physical symptoms of stress than men. But we don’t have enough proof to say that this applies to all women. We do know that women often cope with stress in different ways than men. Women “tend and befriend,” taking care of those closest to them, but also drawing support from friends and family. Men are more likely to have the “fight or flight” response. They cope by “escaping” into a relaxing activity or other distraction.


Can stress affect my health?

The body responds to stress by releasing stress hormones. These hormones make blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar levels go up. Long-term stress can help cause a variety of health problems, including:

• Mental health disorders, like depression and anxiety
• Obesity
• Heart disease
• High blood pressure
• Abnormal heart beats
• Menstrual problems
• Acne and other skin problems


Does stress cause ulcers?

No, stress doesn’t cause ulcers, but it can make them worse. Most ulcers are caused by a germ called H. pylori. Researchers think people might get it through food or water. Most ulcers can be cured by taking a combination of antibiotics and other drugs.


What is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder that can occur after living through or seeing a dangerous event. It can also occur after a sudden traumatic event. This can include:

• Being a victim of or seeing violence
• Being a victim of sexual or physical abuse or assault
• The death or serious illness of a loved one
• Fighting in a war
• A severe car crash or a plane crash
• Hurricanes, tornadoes, and fires


You can start having PTSD symptoms right after the event. Or symptoms can develop months or even years later. Symptoms may include:

• Nightmares
• Flashbacks, or feeling like the event is happening again
• Staying away from places and things that remind you of what happened
• Being irritable, angry, or jumpy
• Feeling strong guilt, depression, or worry
• Trouble sleeping
• Feeling “numb”
• Having trouble remembering the event

Women are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop PTSD than men. Also, people with ongoing stress in their lives are more likely to develop PTSD after a dangerous event.
How can I help handle my stress?

Everyone has to deal with stress. There are steps you can take to help you handle stress in a positive way and keep it from making you sick. Try these tips to keep stress in check:


Develop a new attitude and reduce stress

• Become a problem solver in order to reduce stress. Make a list of the things that cause you stress. From your list, figure out which problems you can solve now and which are beyond your control for the moment. From your list of problems that you can solve now, start with the little ones. Learn how to calmly look at a problem, think of possible solutions, and take action to solve the problem. Being able to solve small problems will give you confidence to tackle the big ones. And feeling confident that you can solve problems will go a long way to helping you feel less stressed.
• Be flexible. Sometimes, it’s not worth the stress to argue. Give in once in awhile or meet people halfway.
• Get organized. Think ahead about how you’re going to spend your time. Write a to-do list. Figure out what’s most important to do and do those things first.
• Set limits. When it comes to things like work and family, figure out what you can really do. There are only so many hours in the day. Set limits for yourself and others. Don’t be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy.
• Take deep breaths. If you're feeling stressed, taking a few deep breaths makes you breathe slower and helps your muscles relax.
• Stretch. Stretching can also help relax your muscles and make you feel less tense.
• Massage tense muscles. Having someone massage the muscles in the back of your neck and upper back can help you feel less tense.
• Take time to do something you want to do. We all have lots of things that we have to do. But often we don't take the time to do the things that we really want to do. It could be listening to music, reading a good book, or going to a movie. Think of this as an order from your doctor, so you won’t feel guilty!
Take care of your body
• Get enough sleep. Getting enough sleep helps you recover from the stresses of the day. Also, being well-rested helps you think better so that you are prepared to handle problems as they come up. Most adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night to feel rested.
• Eat right. Try to fuel up with fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains. Don’t be fooled by the jolt you get from caffeine or high-sugar snack foods. Your energy will wear off, and you could wind up feeling more tired than you did before.
• Get moving. Getting physical activity can not only help relax your tense muscles but improve your mood. Research shows that physical activity can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety.
• Don’t deal with stress in unhealthy ways. This includes drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking, or overeating.


Connect with others

• Share your stress. Talking about your problems with friends or family members can sometimes help you feel better. They might also help you see your problems in a new way and suggest solutions that you hadn't thought of.
• Get help from a professional if you need it. If you feel that you can no longer cope, talk to your doctor. She or he may suggest counseling to help you learn better ways to deal with stress. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines, such as antidepressants or sleep aids.
• Help others. Volunteering in your community can help you make new friends and feel better about yourself.
Cortisol, Stress and weight Gain

If you're like a lot of us, when you stress out, you reach for the ice cream. Or donuts. Maybe both. While our behavioral response to stress is often thought to be a primary reason for weight gain, stress can literally strip us of the energy to exercise and eat properly and physically cause us to put on extra weight - and keep it there.

There are well documented physiological reasons for the link found between stress and weight gain. Whenever we are under stress, our bodies release the primary stress hormone called cortisol. In our bodies, cortisol is a signal to do two things - increase appetite and store fat. This means that whenever we're under stress, the increased cortisol in our body tells our brain that we're hungry, while at the same time telling our fat cells to store and hold onto as much fat as they can.

Chronic stress leads to chronically high levels of cortisol in your body. This creates a need for higher levels of other hormones (e.g. thyroid, insulin, estrogen and testosterone) in order to do the same job. A chronically high concentration of cortisol is toxic to brain cells and can cause short-term memory loss.